The Polar Operational Environmental Satellite (POES) Project is a reimbursable project for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
The Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) is responsible for the construction, integration and launch of NOAA series satellites. Operational control of the spacecraft is turned over to NOAA after it is checked out on orbit, normally 21 days after launch. The NOAA satellites carry seven scientific instruments and two for Search and Rescue. All NOAA satellites built by the POES Project have been launched. The final spacecraft, NOAA-19, was launched in February 2009.
The satellite data provides economic, and environmental benefits on a continuous, reliable basis. The benefits that directly enhance the quality of human life and protection of Earth's environment include: